Cashmere comes from the Kashmir Goats which live high up on the plains of Inner Mongolia. In order to withstand the bitter winter cold when the mercury can plunge as low as 40 degrees celsius, these little white goats grow a fine inner coat to keep them warm.
And, this hair is incredibly fine, measuring around 14 microns compared to wool which is much thicker at 20 and 40 microns. 
Did you know that cashmere is only finer and lighter than wool, but is also much warmer? 
In the summer, these goats begin to shed this inner coat in order to keep cool. And, that’s when they are sheared: summer in the Inner Mongolian grasslands gets very hot with temperatures climbing over 30C so they really do not need the extra insulation. 
After all, we all trim our dog's hair during the summer, so the same principle applies to these goats.

But, each goat only makes enough cashmere to make about one baby sized jumper (or half an adult jumper) , revealing just how precious this delicate fibre really is. 
And that explains why it is so much more expensive compared to other fibres such as wool.
However, if cared for properly, a good quality cashmere jumper should last for years as it is incredibly durable, making it the perfect hand-me-down material in this age of much needed sustainability. 
Once the yarn has been sheared, it is sorted, dyed and spun into yarn which is both insulating and breathable, making it the perfect fibre for your little one as they won't over heat as they move from being outdoors in the cold to the warmth of the indoors.

Cashmere has been around since the 18th century, and mills have been perfecting this art form for centuries. And, one of the companies that we work with has over 40 years experience in fine-tuning this technique. 
A completely vertical operation from the goats to the finished garment, not only does it employ the finest Italian spinning techniques, but it has its very own goat farm to ensure that its cashmere only has the finest yarn. 
After all, not all cashmere is made equal. In order to meet high global demand for this highly sought after material, a lot herders interbreed their animals with coarser haired goats in order to produce more hair. 
But, at Mika & Milo, we only use the finest cashmere as we all know how fussy our little ones can be. And, surely our children and the planet that they will inherit, deserve only the best. 
We therefore believe in making beautiful sustainable pieces which will stand the test of time so that they can be passed down from sibling to sibling, and then of course generation to generation.
After all, what could possibly be nicer than for your kids to hand down their cashmere jumpers to their own Little Ones?
Organic Cotton:
Colour permitting, most styles in our debut Spring/ Summer collection are made with 95% organic cotton with just a smidgen of cashmere (5%).
Did you know that organic cotton produces 98% less water pollution, 94% fewer greenhouse gas emissions, and removes 450 kg more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere per hectare compared to regular cotton?
Don't worry, nor did we until we started using it for our S21 collection.   So what exactly is organic cotton and how is it different from conventional cotton?
Firstly, organic cotton is produced and certified to organic agricultural standards, meaning that it is good for soils, ecosystems and people by using natural processes rather than artificial ones.
Most importantly, organic cotton farming doesn't use toxic chemicals or GMOs (genetically modified organisms). Instead, it combines tradition, innovation and science to benefit the environment and promote a good quality of life for all involved.
It uses 88% less water and 62% less energy than conventional cotton which uses over 15% of the world's insecticides and 7% of its pesticides. 
Growing organic cotton also keeps farmers and their families safe as they are not exposed to toxic chemicals in the field, or through their food and water supply. 

Another important benefit about organic cotton is that it is 80% rain fed, reducing pressure on local water sources. And, in 5 years time, two-thirds of the world’s population may face water shortages. The absence of chemicals also means that water is cleaner and safer.

Conventional cotton by comparison is often grown in water-scarce areas using irrigation. And, did you know that it takes 2,700 litres of water to make a conventional cotton t-shirt?

Organic cotton is grown from organic cotton seeds. Cotton seed oil is used in a variety of food products such as cookies, chips and vegetable oil, and is also fed to livestock. So while cotton fiber is not something we put in our body, the by-product can make its way into our diets.

Caring for the world and the people we share it with is a life choice, and choosing organic cotton is part of this choice.

Fives years ago, 26 million metric tonnes of cotton was produced globally, much of it for the apparel industry. Organic cotton makes up less than 1% of this. By choosing organic over conventional cotton you have the purchasing power to influence brands, manufacturers and even farmers. 

When you buy organic cotton you are investing in water conservation, cleaner air, better soil and farmer livelihoods. The price for organic cotton is therefore sometimes, but not always, higher. However, with demand on the rise, more choices will become available.

In instances where organic cotton was not available, we used BCI Cotton which comes from the Better Cotton Initiative: the largest cotton sustainability programme in the world. It strives to  make cotton better for the people who produce it, and better for the environment it grows in. Currently, it accounts for 22% of cotton production worldwide.